As you know that digitization is penetrating the whole world as a result of the rapidly widespread and unavoidable nature of the internet. It doesn’t matter in which industry you are in, whether you want it or not you will have to accept the influence and importance of computers and specifically the internet in your work/business/enterprise/organization/product.
In connection with the aforementioned initialization, it would be not early to point out the area of interest here: “research paper publication” to open access journals, which is not much far away from digitizing. As a result, DOI is some kind of arrangement/mechanism, which makes the task simpler and easy to access the research document from the deep sea of the “World Wide Web (WWW)”.
You can also put it like this, DOI will bring the research fraternity even closer around the globe. If you ask me, “is it compulsory for each and every digital document to have DOI?” My answer would be no. The reason for saying this is, as of now DOI is not mandatory to have but it is much better to have. Attaching DOI with the research documents will boost your citation count and lastly contribute more to the betterment of humanity as a whole. It is a win-win situation.
To summarize, it would be good to write here: “DOI resolves the problem of finding research documents online at the fingertips”.
So what is DOI?
It is a non-repetitive, and constant group of characters, numbers, symbols, special characters and words, linked with online journals, articles, books and many more intellectual digital works for a perpetual time period.
It works as a permanent web address just as a URL for research papers/articles/books, like any other website URL. By clicking on it, an authorized person can access the e-resources online very quickly, without thinking about other complexity.
What does DOI look like?
It is just like some type of hyperlinks for example:
Which types of digital documents can have DOI?
DOI can be attached to;
- academic journal articles
- research reports
- governmental reports
- data sets
- conference proceedings
Why DOI is needed for research articles/ online journals?
DOI is a unique dangling identifier for online research articles/books/papers or documents. It is used for permanently citing the documents in the ocean of www.
You may say, research articles can be accessed via the publisher-provided link, but what happens if the publisher’s website may lose its domain or may find some technical problems in hosting?
In the above-discussed situation, the document cannot be accessed via the link provided by the publisher. In such a scenario, DOI is the only solution for accessing the document on the World Wide Web. DOIs make it easier to retrieve your digital document.
We can say that DOI is more stable than normal web links.
How to find DOI in an online research paper?
Generally, you can have a DOI link underneath the research paper title, but this position is not fixed for each and every journal. Sometimes you can also find the DOI in the footer as well. It is totally dependent upon the journal management authorities where they want to place it. The only concern is that it must be easily visible to any visitor.
What if you do not find DOI in a research article?
Insert relevant information like article title/author into the metadata field on https://www.crossref.org/.
How to get a DOI?
International DOI Foundation is responsible for managing the body of the DOI. There are several DOI agencies, which have affiliation and homologation with the International DOI Foundation, which are the end touch point for the DOI creation. For getting the DOI, you will have to find the service providers, such as OJSCloud (www.ojscloud.com) which is the leading DOI provider for India. They are the official sponsored partner of crossref (one of the registration agencies for the International DOI Foundation). It assigns DOIs to scholarly research publications.Get DOI
To summarize, it would not be wrong to say that DOI is a very important and unavoidable mechanism for online research papers/articles, which helps to find them very easily for an infinite period of time from WWW. In the modern era of digitization, not attaching DOI with an online research paper is just like shouting about your research work in the assembly of the deaf.